Acetyl-L-Carnitine is an ester form of L-carnitine. Carnitine was discovered in 1905. It is synthesized, mainly in the liver and kidneys, from the essential amino acid lysine.
Acetyl-l-Carnitine plays a critical role in energy production. It transports long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria so they can be oxidized ("burned") to produce energy.
There are four common forms of carnitine supplements: L-Carnitine, ALCAR, L-Carnitine L-Tartrate (LCLT) and Propionyl-L-Carnitine (GPLC).
L-Carnitine can be synthesized in the human body from two dietary essential amino acids, L-methionine, and lysine.
This process involves a few Vitamin C-dependent enzymes, and deficiencies of Vitamin C can impair L-carnitine biosynthesis.
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